Indonesia's Fires and Haze: The Cost of Catastrophe

Indonesia's Fires and Haze: The Cost of Catastrophe
Date of publication:  2000
Publisher:  ISEAS / IDRC
Number of pages:  168
Code:  EDS6


"[This book] is a remarkable small volume -- broad and comparative in scope, and interesting and important in substance" (Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies).

About the publication

In the middle of 1997, forest fires burning in Indonesia began to spread thick clouds of smoke and haze to neighbouring countries. By the time the fires were finally out in 1998, some 8 million hectares of land had burned while millions of people suffered the effects of air pollution. The fires -- deliberately set for the most part, and exacerbated by the drought conditions of El Niño -- were one of the century1s worst environmental disasters. This book assesses the damage caused by the fires and haze and puts them in terms that are readily understandable: dollars and cents. Written while the fires of 1998 were still raging, it looks at the damages suffered by Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore during the first outbreak of fires, in 1997. The study's summary findings were widely quoted and played an important role in policy discussions in the region. This book presents in full detail the methods used to obtain those estimates and elaborates on the policy recommendations tabled in 1998.
           1st Reprint 2006

Co-publication: ISEAS / IDRC

Institute of Southeast Asian Studies / IDRC


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