From Free Port to Modern Economy: Economic Development and Social Change in Penang, 1969 to 1990

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About the Publication

The 1950s saw Lim Chong Eu taking an increasingly central role in Malayan politics, moving from the exhilarating preparation for independence to him losing political influence by the end of the decade. The following decade saw him trying to revive his political fortunes, and finally succeeding at the ballot box in 1969. Becoming the Chief Minister of Penang State—retreating from national politics, as it were—provided him with the platform from which he would excel as nation builder and political leader. In the process, he contributed decisively to the industrialisation, not only of Penang but also of Malaysia as a whole. This collection of articles tells the story of how the declining fortunes of the port of Penang was turned around through daring and forceful leadership into the industrialised society that it is today.

Co-publication: Penang Institute / ISEAS – Yusof Ishak Institute

Available for distribution by ISEAS worldwide except Malaysia.


PDF e-book files for this publication are available as detailed below.

From Free Port to Modern Economy: Economic Development and Social Change in Penang, 1969 to 1990 [Whole Publication, ISBN: 978-981-4843-97-3], by Chet Singh, Rajah Rasiah, Wong Yee Tuan, editors 7.90 USD
16.00 USD
Preliminary pages Download
1. Lim Chong Eu and Penang: Glimpses of a Personal and Political Relationship, by Khoo Boo Teik, Toh Kin Woon , authors Download
2. From Munro to Nathan: The Rise of a Modern Economy in Penang, by Koay Su Lyn, Wong Yee Tuan, authors 5.00 USD
3. Penang Development Corporation and Penang's Catalytic Transformation, by Chet Singh, author 5.00 USD
4. Transition and Transformation: Local Government in Penang (1969–1976), by Koay Su Lyn, author 5.00 USD
5. "Developmental" States and Economic Growth at the Sub-National Levels: The Case of Penang (1970–2005), by Francis E Hutchinson, author 5.00 USD
6. Industrialisation and Poverty in Penang, by Muhammad Ikmal Said, author 5.00 USD
7. From Swamps to Semiconductors, by Rajah Rasiah, author 5.00 USD
8. Growing Global Production Sharing: The Tale of Penang Export Hub, Malaysia, by Prema-Chandra Athukorala, author 5.00 USD

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